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# I Got Skills… They’re Multiplying!

We spend a lot of time focused on multiplication tables, and getting past the stages of memorizing math facts is an important milestone. By the time we are working with multi-digit problems, we’re starting to deal with algorithms, the series of steps, necessary to solve problems. Fortunately, learning multi-digit addition and multi-digit subtraction, even with regrouping, is usually achieved without too much difficulty.

The steps for multi-digit multiplication require are a bit more demanding… In fact, it has all the fun of multi-digit addition on steriods right along with the twists multiplication brings as well. However, I’ve got a great tool that should take away some of the long multiplication anxiety…

Visual Multiplication Calculator

This calculator will let you multiply two long numbers together, and it shows you the intermediate products as it goes. Put a couple of numbers in there and hover your mouse over the work produced by the calculator… You’ll see what parts from the multiplicand and the multiplier are used to create each step, and it clearly shows how the place values are preserved as we work through the multiplier digits. It’s a great tool for developing an understanding of the conventional steps for multi-digit multiplication.

But, the most important thing is practice! These multi-digit multiplication worksheets work hand-in-hand with the multiplication calculator.

If you need review, be sure to also check out the complete series of multiplication worksheets, multiplication tables, and multiplication charts to really get your multiplication facts polished up!

# Why Learning Long Division is so Important

There are many milestones on the road through grade school math, but one in particular marks an especially significant destination. It’s the motherlode of arithmetic, a recipe with so many of the previous numerical ingredients from so many previous grades, a mountain of math skill awaiting its ascent, a task requiring the flexing of a mixed metaphor of mental muscles like no other.

And also, the one thing that strikes terror into a math-phobic 4th grader’s heart like the threat of a missed recess.

Long Division.

But does long division really need this huge build up? Is it really that much more difficult than, say, multiple-digit multiplication? Yes and no.

Long division is certainly a test of many different skills, but they are all ones that should be largely rote by the time long division is introduced. I believe the main issue that brings tears and seizures when long division pops up is essentially a lack of confidence in basic math facts. Learning the long division algorithm is a little daunting, but it’s a small step if the prerequisites are truly mastered. And so, let me just say it again… Drill, baby, drill.

That said, why is long division such an important rite of passage?

The four basic steps in long division (partial division, multiplying, subtracting, bringing down) all incorporate concepts ranging from basic operations and place value to simple numerical algorithms. These skills mimic a lot of what later, more abstract, math looks like. I’m staring at you algebra, hiding there around the corner.

Long division is the arithmetic skill that most closely resembles the mechanics of tasks in algebra, trigonometry, calculus and more. It requires doing several basic operations in a particular sequence, thinking about their results, trying intermediate solutions (especially with multiple digit divisors), backtracking and hopefully making sense of the process along the way.

This makes long division not just another skill to learn on the journey… It’s the first step down a completely different road.

Of course I wouldn’t be a good dad if I didn’t offer directions! I’ve had a collection long division worksheets with detailed answer keys on the site for quite some time, and they’re actually some of the top ranked math worksheets on the web.

I’ve also just created a long division calculator, and it’s one of the best teacher resources I’ve built on the site in a long time. Enter a divisor and a dividend, and it will work the problem in front of you, with remainders, in real time, and it provides guides that show where all the numbers come from. Trying to get across where that intermediate product comes from in that jumble below the problem? Watch the calculator run its course, then put your mouse over the digit in the quotient to highlight it and the product. It really is useful and it was a lot of fun to build….

Long Division Calculator

I hope you’ll give it a try yourself and share it with anyone you know that’s learning or teaching long division… It’ll go a long way towards paving that road towards future success in math.

# Why Do We Still Need This Ancient Math Skill?

Radians or degrees, fractions or decimals… There are a lot of places in math (and definitely in other topics) where you can make a case for representing measurements in different forms.

But Roman numerals versus Arabic numerals, there you’ve got a much more compelling argument for letting the sands of history wear away at this 2,000 year old numbering system whose main claim to fame seems to be keeping track of how many times a certain prominent football game has been played (51, or Roman numeral “LI”, as of this post in case you’re curious.) Go ahead and disagree with me, and I’ll be assigning you some Roman numeral multiplication worksheets… We’ll see who gets the last laugh there!

Still, Roman numerals pop up in a number of odd spots unexpectedly and that makes at least knowing how to read them a necessary skill. You’ll bumble across them on traditional analog clock faces, page numbers for those pesky prefaces in books, that weird outline mode in Microsoft Word, and the “IV” at the end of your buddy’s name when his parents, grandparents and great-grand parents couldn’t think of a new first name besides “George” when the baby came. Any place where somebody wants to lend a certain historical gravitas, there too shall ye find Numeris Romanis.

So, learn them we must, but that doesn’t mean the process can’t be at least a little entertaining! This visual Roman numeral converter will help untangle some of the unusual nature of Roman numerals. It breaks down the more confusing parts of adding and subtracting values associated with Roman numeral digits making it a fantastic learning tool, and kind of fun to just play with…

Roman Numeral Converter

Give it a try and let me know what you think, and for more Roman numeral resources be sure to check out the Roman numeral charts on the site as well!

# Young, Old or In-Between… You Know You Need to Know Your Age Down to Second!

Have you ever wondered EXACTLY how old you are? Or how close you are to your next birthday? Or exactly how far apart in age you are from someone you know? Or whether your 52nd birthday is going to be on Monday or a Tuesday? Come on. You know you need to know.

These are fascinating questions, not just for kids but adults too. While you and I may be hoping our birthday is just a little further away while at the same time our kids are literally counting down the days before they get to rip open more presents, our fascination with dates is the same. We all want to know when and where the time goes and how long until we get there.

Enter the new Age Calculator! Give it a spin and it’ll tell you the answer to all of the questions above, plus provide facts like what day of the week your birthday lands on (past, present and future), your astrological sign and more. Hover the cursor over the events in the calculator and you’ll get more details about each individual event, and you can use the arrows at the top and bottom of the display to scroll the calendar forward and backward in time to see more events.

If you make a selection in the lower part of the Age Calculator, you can look at other age-related events. Ready to settle that whole, “I’m so and so months older that you, so I know better than you…” argument definitively? Want to compare your age to a friend? Or your brother or sister? Or, (at your own risk) your spouse? Try the “Friend’s Birthday” function in the calculator and you’ll be well armed.

Curious about the next U.S. Presidential Election? The calculator will tell you when it will happen, and whether you’ll be eligible to vote or not. And, for future elections, I’ve taken a stab at a few possible candidates. I mean, up until the robots take over everything, at that point I’m not sure we get to vote anymore.

Want a quick and easy way to see how much money you need to save, and how much that money is worth in today’s dollars? The “Savings Calculator” function will let you specify an amount, investment frequency, rate of return and inflation rate. You can get a detailed breakdown of the investment over time by hovering over dates in the calendar part of the calculator, but you’ll get a ten year summary right in the age calculator’s display.

No matter what you use it for, this Age Calculator is a lot of fun to play with. I hope you’ll use it with your kids to talk about ages, birthdays, calendars and this whole passing of time thing. If you use it in your classroom, drop me a note in the comments and let me know what you did and how it worked for you, or if you just found it interesting please share it with your friends!

And all I want for Christmas is for you bloggers out there to post a link to this fun new tool! 🙂

# More Updates to the Amazing Fraction Calculator!

I’ve received so much positive feedback on the fraction calculator and I really appreciate everyone who’s taken the time to pass along comments and suggestions! If you haven’t had a chance to play with it, please check out the new and improved version!

Fraction Calculator with Visualizations

One thought that came up from users repeatedly was the way the previews represented mixed fractions was a little unintuitive given that the whole part of the fraction was always shown as a numeric value but the fraction had the pie-chart representation. And the concepts didn’t related particularly well to the multiplication and division operations.

To make the preview a little more useful in an instructional setting, I’ve updated it now. In general, small mixed fractions will be shown entirely as pies, with the wholes being shown as one or more complete pies divided by the numerator. If there are more than five wholes, the calculator’s representation reverts back to it’s numeric mixed fraction form.

What this accomplishes for addition and subtraction calculations is to make the representation totally visual, which is much closer to the vision I had in creating this thing.

Now multiplication and division are slightly different beasts, and in the context of the fraction calculator trying to show a meaningful visualization of how the operands translate into the product or quotient, my friend Maria Miller suggested that the right approach was really to express the multiplicands as a visualization times a number (or the dividend divided by a numeric divisor representation for division) since these operations didn’t lend themselves immediately towards the sort of counted forms that addition and subtraction do. If you think about it, this makes sense because these operations are more about repeated operations (multiples of or divisions into) a value, and the visualization of two separate fractions could almost be misleading. Either way try it out with a whole multiplicand or a whole divisor and I think you’ll find the preview is conceptually at least much better.

I still have plans to add steps the calculator is taking to generate the solutions, so for example a break down of how common denominators are determined or how the final mixed fraction might be reduced. It’s definitely a work in progress, but even now I think you’ll agree the calculator is already one of the best fraction teaching tools online!

# How Prime Are You?

Prime numbers are like the Lego bricks of number theory, and if you’re a real math nerd you know you love number theory. But wading your way through a sea of composite numbers looking for those magic numbers at either end of the scale, either the noble primes themselves or those composite numbers with who have a really interesting family tree of primes that multiply out to their true quantitative majesty…

So, what every number explorer needs is a prime factorization calculator, and I just built a really fun one here. It’s animated. And in color. And perfect for playing with numbers in the classroom, on your Smart Board or just whenever you’ve got a number that seems like it’s got an interesting prime pedigree…

Prime factorizations are a great tool for figuring out greatest common divisors (or largest common denominators if that’s how you swing), or for finding the least common multiple. But naturally, this calculator will tell you quite promptly if a number is prime as well.

Give it a try and see what you can discover about your own favorite number. It’s factor tree may actually surprise you…

Prime Factorization Calculator

# Return of the Timer!

The poor countdown timer here at DadsWorksheets has been neglected for some time, and with the site having gone through some significant technology upgrades, the timer became something of an orphan child, replete with scars and an inferiority complex, you know that one you keep in the closet and hope that at some point it’s just going to have an owl swoop in with an engraved invitation to go off to magic timer school where it saves the world or something.

After waiting somewhat impatiently for ANY sort of feathered visitor, I had to take matters more into my own hands, and a few thousand lines of JavaScript incantation later, I’m pleased to share with you the new countdown timer…

Online Countdown Timer

You don’t need to invoke specialis revelio to see this is a wizardly improvement over the old timer. Obliviously one big change is the circular timer graph, which provides immediate feedback about how far along the timer has progressed. It also lets you trigger sounds when the timer reaches the halfway mark or nears the end of the time you assign, and there are preset buttons like “Set Timer for 10 Minutes” and similar amounts that let you very quickly configure the timer for frequently used times.

As with the previous timer, you can save a URL that has all of your specific settings so that it’s easy to return to a timer ready to go.

While we’re using this as a timer for math tests and worksheets, it’s perfect for anything where you need a countdown. Use it as a classroom timer, a recipe timer or to keep track how long that pectrificus totalus is going last.

Accio Timer!

# Online Fraction to Percentage Calculator

Percentages are an important part of both math and daily life. We deal with percentages all over the place… Calculating tips, 50% off sales, sales tax, or (dare I mention it in April?) income taxes. All of these areas work with percentages.

This percentage calculator easily allows you to convert a percent to fraction or, in reverse, a fraction to percent. By playing with the various values, you can work out various types of problems (“what percent of a number is some other number” for example), and the spoken-word version of various types of problems is shown in the preview. Working various problems through the calculator will quickly build experience with various types of percentage problems.

Also be sure to check out the various fraction and percentage math worksheets on the site for more practice.

Percentage Calculator

# Free Pie! And an Amazing Fraction Calculator!

Sometimes, it’s really just all about pie. Who gets how much pie. How many pieces of pie. Fractions of pies. Big fractions for me, please.

When you are learning how to add or subtract fractions, it’s easy enough to get the whole common denominator thing figured out. I mean, if Uncle Billy ate half of the cherry apple, you know you’re only going to have a third of the pie left after you take your traditional one sixth slice. Denominators of two and three and six… It’s just basic pierithmetic.

But multiplying and dividing, that requires skills. Serious skills. And that’s where this fraction calculator might come in handy. Whether you have to deal with mixed fractions or improper fractions, or if you just need a little help with the core operations on simple fractions, this calculator is built just for you. It will reduce and simply anything you put into it, and along the way give you a visual preview to help show what’s going on. Check out the YouTube video in this post for a quick demo, or just go straight to the link below.

Also works great for pizza. Because, you know. Pizza is a pie, too.

Online Fraction Calculator